Falls in the elderly are extremely common yet have a huge impact on somebody’s health and well-being. The consequences of unintentional injury include fractures of the hip, spine, ribs and wrists often requiring prolonged hospitalisation. Complications of these injuries and their treatments, surgery for example, can have even more serious consequences and even result in loss of life. With increasing age the risk of serious complications increases dramatically but the good news is that there are ways to prevent falls. Here are my top five tips:
1: Stay clutter free
Remove any unnecessary clutter especially from floors. This includes any trailing wires, doorstops magazines or newspapers and bags. Make sure all rugs and mats are non-slip and have no frayed edges. Have them tacked down to the floor if necessary. Immediately mop up any spillages should they occur and never walk around in socks stockings or slippers. Wear low heeled shoes with a good grip and always avoid climbing and stretching which can seriously challenge anything but perfect balance. Ask for help to do things which are difficult and at all risky.
2: Request your doctors helpEnsure that you have a good foot care so that your nails are proper properly trimmed and no corns calluses or hard skin can cause pain or limping. Very importantly make sure that any medicines you are taking are assessed at least once every year. Many tablets for blood pressure or heart conditions, for example, can cause side-effects such as dizziness or fainting, particularly on rising from a chair or getting out of the bath. Mention any symptoms such as these to your doctor. Your GP can also organise a home hazard assessment which will be carried out by a healthcare professional. They might advise for example that rails are put up on both sides of any stairs or that bars or seats are installed in the bathroom where a walk-in shower might be more practical than a bath.
3: Make sure you can see
A regular sight test is important because conditions such as glaucoma, macular degeneration and cataracts are common in the elderly and can develop insidiously. These can lead to visual distortion and reduced peripheral vision making it harder to see objects in your path. Good lighting in all rooms but especially on the staircase is vital.
4: Work on your strength and balance
It is never too late to improve these things. This can be achieved through simple activities such as walking or dancing and if necessary specialist training. Many community centres and local gyms offer such training for the elderly. Tai chi is an excellent activity which improves balance, coordination and movement. Being free from any rapid movements of the body it is ideally suited to older people.
5: Enjoy the reassurance and peace of mind granted by a Telecare 24 careline alarm
This personal alarm system enables someone to stay safe at home and summons help automatically and very quickly in the event of somebody falling. The full sensor package
senses the fall and automatically alerts a professionally-run Telecare 24 call centre enabling any previously nominated family member, neighbour, carer or helper to be notified. It merely involves wearing a water-resistant wireless pendant around the neck or a bracelet and the system operates 24 hours a day 365 days of the year. It’s range is an extensive 100meters allowing someone to use it both in the home or outside in the garden. It’s also a fantastic way to prevent falls. As it happens this is exactly how my own mother now aged 90
uses it whether she is outside lovingly tending to her garden or inside her first floor flat attempting to do things which, despite my best advice, she rarely wishes to wait for my help with. I know that in reality that is important to her for her independence and pride. You can see me interview my mum about her fall on YouTube here
. But it makes me even more grateful for the benefits of the Telecare 24
Reach unit alarm system which thoroughly reassures me that a reliable protection system is in place and I am now advising all my patients to consider one where it is appropriate. I am sure the relatives and closer family members of any elderly person would also be very interested in finding out more and I would certainly recommend that they do.